Independent Consultant at the Election technology and policy
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Do Electronic Voting Machines Improve the Voting Process?"
"A major issue of the November 2000 Presidential election in Florida was 'intent of the voter,'... These outcomes caused officials of several states to desire election equipment whose operation prevented these types of errors. DRE voting equipment satisfies these requirements. Since there are no paper ballots, no questions of 'intent of the voter' can arise. Furthermore, the design of the equipment is such that no overvotes can occur... [But] sole reliance on software correctness must be ended. DRE voting equipment without paper backup requires correct software in order to produce correct results... Public confidence in election outcomes demands this change. In any weighing of alternatives between administrative efficiency and public confidence, the latter must win out."
"The EAC Is Beginning to Fill the Institutional Void, But Changes in HAVA May Be Needed," presentation at the Center for Democracy and Election Management, Mar. 29, 2006
Experts Individuals with JDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to electronic voting machine issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to electronic voting machine issues.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Independent consultant on election technology and policy for Inter-America Development Bank, International Foundation for Electin Systems, National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Institution, and many others, 1996-present
Computer Scientist, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST; formerly National Bureau of Standards), 1969-1996
Contributed to research to various governmental and non-governmental election reform projects including the National Commission on Federal Election Reform, the Caltech/MIT Voting Technology Project, and the Constitution Project of Georgetown University Law School, 2001-present
Presented before the Technical Guidelines Development Committee of the Election Assistance Commission on security testing in electronic voting machines, 2004
Testified before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science regarding the reliability of voting systems, 2001
His report "Accuracy, Integrity, and Security in Computerized Vote-Tallying" for NIST is the first U.S. government report to recommend abolishing punch card voting systems and is one of the earliest papers to discuss security in electronic voting systems, 1988
His report "Effective Use of Computing Technology in Vote-Tallying" for the National Bureau of Standards is the first U.S. government report to examine voting technology and is generally considered to have initiated the development of the federal Voting Systems Standards program, 1975
MS, Electrical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology