Voting Machines
Pros and Cons
Video exploring critical thinking and how it leads to great citizen involvement
Do Electronic Voting Machines Improve the Voting Process?
voting Machines
Originally developed in the 1970s, direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines have become increasingly used nationwide. After the 2000 US presidential election's troubles with "pregnant” and "hanging” chads and the subsequent passage of the 2002 Help America Vote Act which swelled use of DREs, electronic voting technology became widely debated.

Proponents argue that electronic voting machines are secure, able to unambiguously capture the intent of a voter, capable of preventing residual votes, reliable, easy to use, calculate and report voting results faster, and are accessible to disabled, illiterate, and non-English speaking voters.

Opponents of electronic voting machines argue that DREs give too much power over public elections to their private manufacturers, are vulnerable to hacking and other forms of tampering, do not allow for meaningful audits and recounts, and do not offer voters a trustworthy way to verify their votes.

Core Question
Top 10 Pros & Cons
Did You Know?
Historical Timeline
Voting Machines Video

Voting Machines is a nonpartisan, nonprofit website that presents research, studies, and pro and con statements related to direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines. Throughout this website, the term 'electronic voting machines' refers to direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines and not optical-scan machines. Although optical-scan machines use an electronic reader to tabulate the vote totals, voters mark their selections on a paper ballot and are not directly recording their votes into the machine.

Pros & Cons by Category
Voter Comfort with Voting Machines
Help America Vote Act of 2002
Voting Machine Manufacturers
Political Ties
Hacking, Fraud, and Security
Open Source vs. Proprietary Code
Ballot Definition
Physical Tampering
Machine Reliability
Audits and Recounts
Voter Verified Paper Audit Trails
Security of Vote Totals
Accuracy in Recording Voter Intention
Types of Testing
Disabled Voters and Language Minorities
Poll Worker Training and Preparedness
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Critical Thinking Video Series: Do Electronic Voting Machines Improve the Voting Process?

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Notices for Voting Machines and Other Information (archived after 30 days)

9/10/2014  NEW Website! – Should students have to wear school uniforms? - Our 51st website explores the pros and cons in the debate over mandatory school uniforms. Almost one in five US public schools required students to wear uniforms during the 2011-2012 school year, up from one in eight in 2003-2004. Proponents say that school uniforms make schools safer for students, create a "level playing field" that reduces socioeconomic disparities, and encourage children to focus on their studies rather than their clothes. Opponents say school uniforms infringe upon students' right to express their individuality, have no positive effect on behavior and academic achievement, and emphasize the socioeconomic disparities they are intended to disguise.

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Last updated on 8/11/2014 1:41:31 PM PST

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